Seat belts & child restraints

The general rule in relation to passenger or goods vehicles is that where seat belts are fitted they must be worn. It’s especially important that if you’re driving a car carrying passengers under 17, you make sure they wear seat belts and that the belts are in working order, or that younger children are provided with appropriate child restraints.

Using seat belts and child restraints

Seat belts are your best protection in the event of a collision and it is especially important that any child in your vehicle is protected by a safety restraint suitable for their size and weight. By law, any child under 150cms or 36kgs must be fitted with the appropriate child car seat when travelling in a car or a goods vehicle. It is not a legal requirement to use a child car seat in a Taxi or Bus but seatbelts must be worn if fitted. Please click here to view the recommended safety restraint for your child’s height and weight.

Child car seats are best placed in the back seat of your vehicle. There is no law against children sitting in the front seat, as long as they are using the right child restraint for their height and weight, however it is illegal to use a rearward-facing child car seat (e.g. those used for babies up to 10kg) in the front of a car if the seat is protected by an airbag.

You can learn more about selecting and fitting safety restraints in the RSA’s booklet titled: A Guide to driving safely with children on board 

Roadworthiness and seat belt maintenance

It’s important to keep up the maintenance of your vehicle’s seat belts both in order to fulfil roadworthiness requirements for vehicle testing and for occupants’ safety. You should routinely inspect all seat belts in your vehicle, checking that:

  • they are not cut or badly frayed
  • they operate correctly—when pulled out fully, they should retract automatically
  • the buckles work properly

 If a belt is damaged in any way or does not operate correctly, you should replace or repair it without delay at your local garage or an authorised dealer. Check to see if your seat belt has an ‘e’ or ‘E’ mark, meaning it meets with the EU regulations. If no markings can be found, your vehicle manufacturer or local authorised dealer should be able to tell you if your seat belts are compliant. For retro-fitting of belts, you should contact an authorised dealer for your particular make of vehicle.

Important dates for roadworthiness

If your car, light goods vehicle or minibus has been registered since 1 June 1971, it must have seat belts for both driver and front passenger to pass its roadworthiness test. If your car has been registered since 1 January 1992, all seats must have seat belts.

Buses and heavy goods vehicles registered since 20th October 2007 must also have seat belts, and there are new seat belt rules for buses and minibuses.

  • Since 29 October 2010, bus owners are required to present documentation at their roadworthiness test certifying that the seat belts, where fitted to their vehicle, meet a minimum standard.
  • Since October 2011, all buses involved in the organised transport of children are required to be fitted with certified seat belt installations.  

Wearing seat belts—The Law

The most recent laws on the use of seat belts and child restraints in Ireland are the EC Compulsory Use of Safety Belts and Child Restraint Systems in Motor Vehicles Regulations 2006 (SI No. 240 of 2006)

For cars & goods vehicles

Essentially, the latest regulations say that, in a car or goods vehicle, where seat belts are fitted they must be worn and children must be protected by a child restraint appropriate for their size and weight.

The regulations place responsibility on the driver to ensure that passengers under the age of 17 comply with the requirement to wear a seat belt or child restraint. Drivers who themselves fail to comply with front seat belt requirements, or front and rear seat belt requirements for passengers under 17, may receive 2 penalty points and a fine of up to €2,000.

For buses

The latest regulations also say that bus drivers and bus passengers aged 3 and above must wear seat belts where they have been provided.

 A person aged 14 and above is responsible for wearing their seat belt on a bus and drivers may refuse to carry a passenger who fails to wear a seat belt. The penalty for failure to comply is a fine of up to €2,000.

Bus owners are required to ensure that passengers are informed of the requirement to wear seat belts while they are seated and while the vehicle is in motion, through either an announcement, presentation, appropriate signage, etc. The penalty for failure to comply is a fine of up to €5,000; however, the vehicle owner does not commit an offence if it’s shown that he/she was unable to inform passengers of the requirement because of damage caused by vehicle users to video equipment or signage, etc., and where rectification of the damage was not practical in the circumstances.